stem


stem
stem
stem1 [stem]
n.
[ME < OE stemn, stefn, akin to Ger stamm, tree trunk < IE base * stebh-, post, pole > STEP, STAFF1]
1. the main upward-growing axis of a plant, having nodes and bearing leaves, usually extending in a direction opposite to that of the root and above the ground, and serving to support the plant and to transport and store food materials; specif., the main stalk or trunk of a tree, shrub, or other plant, from which leaves, flowers, and fruit develop
2.
a) any stalk or part supporting leaves, flowers, or fruit, as a pedicel, petiole, or peduncle
b) a stalk of bananas
3. a piece or part like a stem; specif.,
a) the slender part of a tobacco pipe between the bowl and the bit, esp. the part between the shank and the bit: see PIPE
b) a narrow supporting part between the foot and the bowl, as of a wineglass
c) the cylindrical shaft projecting from a watch, with a knurled knob at its end for winding the spring, setting the hands, etc.
d) the rounded rod in some locks, about which the key fits and is turned
e) the main or thick stroke of a letter, as in printing: see TYPE
f) the vertical line forming part of a musical note (other than a whole note)
g) the shaft of a feather or hair
h) the upright piece to which the side timbers or plates are attached to form the prow of a ship
i) the forward part of a ship; prow; bow
4. main line of descent of a family; ancestry; stock
5. Linguis. the part of a word, consisting of a root or a root with one or more affixes, to which inflectional endings are added or in which inflectional phonetic changes are made [the present stembringis the base to which -s may be added to formbrings]
vt.
stemmed, stemming
1. to remove the stem or stems from (a fruit, etc.)
2. to provide (artificial flowers, etc.) with stems
3. [< STEM1 n. 4] to make headway or progress against [to row upstream, stemming the current]
vi.
to originate, derive, or be descended
SYN.- RISE
——————
from stem to stern
1. from one end of a ship to the other
2. through the entire length of anything
stemless
adj.
stemlike
adj.
stem2 [stem]
vt.
stemmed, stemming [ME < ON stemma (akin to Ger stemmen), to stop: see STAMMER]
1. to stop or check; esp., to dam up (a river, etc.), or to stop or check as if by damming up
2. to stop up, plug, or tamp (a hole, etc.)
3. to turn (a ski) in stemming
vi.
to stop or slow down in skiing by turning one ski (single stemming) or both skis (double stemming) with the heel thrust outward and the tip of the ski(s) turned in
n.
an act or manner of stemming on skis

English World dictionary. . 2014.

Synonyms:

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  • stem — stem …   Dictionnaire des rimes

  • Stem — (st[e^]m), n. [AS. stemn, stefn, st[ae]fn; akin to OS. stamn the stem of a ship, D. stam stem, steven stem of a ship, G. stamm stem, steven stem of a ship, Icel. stafn, stamn, stem of a ship, stofn, stomn, stem, Sw. stam a tree trunk, Dan. stamme …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • stem — [ stɛm ] n. m. VAR. stemm • 1934, 1924; mot norv. ♦ Ski Virage accompli en ouvrant le ski aval et en le rapprochant à la sortie de la courbe. ● stem ou stemm nom masculin (norvégien stemm) À ski, virage basé sur le transfert du poids du corps d… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Stem — may also refer to:* a Scanning Transmission Electron Microscope (STEM) or Scanning Transmission Electron Microscopy (STEM) * STEM fields, Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics, collectively considered core technological underpinnings… …   Wikipedia

  • Stem — Stem, v. t. 1. To remove the stem or stems from; as, to stem cherries; to remove the stem and its appendages (ribs and veins) from; as, to stem tobacco leaves. [1913 Webster] 2. To ram, as clay, into a blasting hole. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Stem — Stem, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Stemmed}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Stemming}.] [Either from stem, n., or akin to stammer; cf. G. stemmen to press against.] To oppose or cut with, or as with, the stem of a vessel; to resist, or make progress against; to stop… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • STEM — (sigle de « science, technology, engineering, and mathematics ») est un américanisme désignant quatre disciplines : science, technologie, ingénierie et mathématiques. En 2011, selon l’United States National Research Council et le… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • stem — s. n. Trimis de siveco, 10.08.2004. Sursa: Dicţionar ortografic  STEM s.n. (mar.) Acord de angajare a unei nave prin care armatorul se obligă să efectueze transportul, se hotărăsc data şi locul încărcării, cantitatea de încărcat rămânând… …   Dicționar Român

  • stem — Ⅰ. stem [1] ► NOUN 1) the main body or stalk of a plant or shrub. 2) the stalk supporting a fruit, flower, or leaf. 3) a long, thin supportive or main section of something, such as that of a wine glass or tobacco pipe. 4) a rod or cylinder in a… …   English terms dictionary

  • Stem — (nl. ‚Stimme‘) steht für: eine niederländische Tageszeitung, siehe BN/De Stem die ehemalige südafrikanische Nationalhymne, siehe Die Stem van Suid Afrika STEM ist die Abkürzung für: Scanning Transmission Electron Microscope, siehe… …   Deutsch Wikipedia